Study Later School Start Time Lowers Teen Crash Rate

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The logic of it makes perfect sense: teens don’t function at high levels early in the morning. So the results of a study from the Eastern Virginia Medical school aren’t too shocking: when high schools start too early, teens are more likely to crash their cars on the way there.

The study compared teen accident rates between Virginia Beach and Chesapeake counties, two adjacent Virginia counties with differing school start times.

Robert Vorona, a sleep doctor at the school, compiled data on drivers between 16 and 18 in the two counties. In Virginia Beach, the high schools start at 7:20 a.m., and in Chesapeake, 8:40 a.m.

While the time difference was seemingly minimal, the crash data was drastically different.

Among students who started school very early in Virginia Beach, there were 65.4 car crashes for every 1,000 teen drivers. In Chesapeake County, there were just 46.2 crashes per 1,000 teen drivers.

That is a 40% crash rate increase for schools starting a little over an hour earlier.

While this particular study didn’t account for the time of day of the crashes, this is not the first time school start times have been linked to the crash rate.

A 2008 study in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine showed a 16% decrease in accidents when a Kentucky school pushed start times back.

Falling asleep at the wheel is obviously dangerous, but for a new driver, merely being tired can have just as poor an effect on their driving.

To anyone who has ever lived with a teenager, this need for sleep isnt news. The average teen needs 9.25 hours of sleep and typically cant fall asleep until 11, so its no wonder that later start times help.

Several lobbyist groups are already pressuring schools to adopt earlier start times. If you don’t have time to get involved, there are a few things you can do to ensure that your teens are getting enough sleep.

Try turning off cell phones, computers, etc an hour or two before your teen needs to go to sleep so they can start winding down.

Avoid too many caffeinated beveragesand avoid caffeine entirely after 4 p.m.

Consider going over your teens daily schedule with them. When alarms start to go off at 6 a.m., and extracurricular activities last until 6 or 7 p.m., it can be hard to find time to juggle homework and a social life. Learning time management strategies from a young age ensures they can make time for sleep well into their adult life as well.

If your teen still didnt get the necessary amount of sleep, dont let them bike or drive to school. They may hate you for it, but at least they wont be a hazard to themselves or others on the road.

Copyright (c) 2010 James Parrish

India Education has to stay in Government Hands

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The budgetary allocation for india education, should be revised every five years, Right now, the money allocated for education is far too inadequate. We need to set apart at least 10 per cent of the GDP to meet the educational requirements of india. Inviting private players will turn the education sector into an educational bazaar. They are interested only in making money and lure students with false promises.

People who impart education should be able to identify with the students and display an active interest in their future. If the corporate houses are really interested in making a contribution to the india education sector, they should provide money to the government or institute scholarships or fellowships for the students. The point is if the government really has the will, then it can find the money.

The salaries of professors in colleges should be fixed at reasonable levels. The government will actually be saving money by rationalising salary structures and this money can then be spent on providing quality education to students. The government is also not filling up existing vacancies in universities and colleges. The money thus saved can be diverted for educational purposes as well. The disparities in salary levels become more glaring among guest lecturers. Even after the recommendation of the University Grants Commissions pay review committee that guest lecturers be paid a salary of Rs 25,000 per month or Rs 1,000 per lecture, they are at present offered just Rs 200 to 300 for every lecture. Even the various teachers associations are not talking about the poor salaries doled out to the guest teachers.

Another important point is that india education should percolate down to the grass-roots if it has to have the desired effect. The government, instead of helping the poor to get educated, is withdrawing financial support for the education of the downtrodden. Nearly 30 years ago even people living in rural areas could access good education because the fees were very low. The government also displayed a relatively more positive attitude towards imparting education..

Today, people are going to big cities to pursue higher education after paying exorbitant fees. Even then, very few enroll for higher education in india. Schools and institutions of higher education in india should be allotted sufficient amount of money to take care of the requirements of the student community in rural areas. Education must not remain in urban areas alone, It has to reach the village level.

Shooting Mother and Child Pictures

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When photographing children it is often a good idea to include their mother. She is usually the closest person to the child and the best suited to allay its fears and put it at ease, and help it to adopt the best position.

Use a photographer’s eye to look for the best viewpoint and lighting to show the natural bond between mother and child. As in any situation when photographing more than one person, be careful that the mother’s head does not cast a shadow on the child’s face.

If working indoors try to use available light. This will be less distracting to the child, which may be alarmed if flash is used. If flash is I necessary, soften the light as much as possible. This can be done by bouncing the light off a suitable surface such as a white ceiling or board. Alternatively put a diffuser over the light. This can be tracing paper or even a handkerchief. Take care here not to underexpose the photograph. The best way to avoid this is to use a flash meter, which shows exactly how much light is falling on the subject. If the mother and child are sitting by a window, a reflector can be used to throw some natural light back on them.

When working out of doors make sure that neither the mother or child gets cold. Not only is it uncomfortable for them, but they might be shown with red hands and dripping noses.

Above all, be aware that most children can only concentrate for a short time. This may mean working quickly. Conversely, a good deal of patience may be required to catch the child at the best moment.

Willis J. Watson is a freelance writer since 2006, living in United States and he writes about his great passion…digital photography for about 4 years. If you want to read more informations about Digital Sports Photography and also read more reviews about Digital Photography Classes, you can check out his websites.

Factors for Chances of Getting Pregnant – Tubal Ligation Reversal

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Many times women have their tubes tied after having what they believe to be their last child. Due to life circumstances changing, such as a second marriage, many women later realize that they are not finished having children after all. When this happens, the question of having a tubal ligation reversal often comes up. The question that follows is often what are the chances of getting pregnant after this reversal procedure?

After a recent 8 year study on this particular topic, researchers have found that the success rate of the tubal ligation reversal procedure depends on three major factors. The first factor is the age of the patient at the time of the procedure being reversed. Just as with the general population, the rate of miscarriage increases with age.

The second factor that played a large role in the chances of getting pregnant was the method used in the original tubal ligation. For women who have had their tubes tied using tubal clips, there was a 75% chance that they would have a successful chance of getting pregnant after reversal surgery. For those who had a tubal ligation using tubal rings, there was a 72% chance of successfully getting pregnant.

As for other types of sterilization, the rates went down for women who had a resection or coagulation during their original surgery. Researchers believe this is because using the clip or the ring method only causes minimal damage to the fallopian tubes which is easier to repair and which leaves longer tubes which leads to our third factor.

The third factor that determines whether a woman will have better chances of getting pregnant after a tubal ligation reversal procedure is how long her tubes are. Depending on how the doctor handled the original tubal surgery, a woman may have tubes ranging in length from 7 1/2 cm to less than two and half centimeters.

The longer the tubes, the better the chances are for a woman to get pregnant. For example, women who had an average fallopian tube length 7 1/2 cm or longer have a 77% chance of getting pregnant. For women who had shorter tubal lengths of less than 2.5 cm, the rate of pregnancy decreased but was still a respectable 38%.

In fact, the doctors collecting the data for this study became aware that getting pregnant with one tube and even as short as 1 cm can still happen. This should lead to the conclusion that any woman wanting a tubal ligation reversal will find her chances of getting pregnant are good although they may vary greatly depending upon the above factors.

Discuss your chances of getting pregnant with a FREE consultation with the Chapel Hill Tubal Reversal Center where the tubal ligation reversal study on over 5000 women was conducted over eight years. Visit the message board at

India’s Children – Akshaya Patra is helping them in the most effective way

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Just a few minutes remained for lunch break but Santosh could wait no longer. There are hardly any words to describe the eagerness in the 7th standard student’s eyes as he looked out of the window, waiting for his lesson to be over. As the clock struck noon, Santosh along with his friends, ran into the dining area, ready for piping hot food. It was their favorite Akshaya Patra’s rice and sambhar today.

Like thousands of children across India, Santosh works in the evening at a construction site for a mere pittance. Having lost his mother at a young age, he lives with his uncle, who also works as a mason at the same site. Because he lives with his guardians, he cannot say no when asked to go to work, but fortunately for him, his uncle and aunt do not force him. Santosh wants to become a police officer. He says -I will study whatever it may take to become one.-

Manjunath, his friend, also has a similar story to tell. His father, also a construction worker, puts constant pressure on him to go to work. But, the little boy’s aspiration to become an Engineer spurs him on to finish his education.

However, children like Santosh and Manjunath have many challenges to face their circumstances may force them to drop out of the education system long before they can hope to make their dreams come true. Nearly 13.5 million underprivileged children in India like Manjunath and Santosh are out of school and into child labour in order to earn a single meal in a day. What Akshaya Patra aims to do is give such children the boost they need to make the most of their lives. By providing freshly cooked mid-day meals to poor children, Akshaya Patra is helping them in the most effective way it is providing them with a healthy balanced meal, so they have the energy to pursue their dreams.

Akshaya Patra’s food for education school meal program addresses two major problems facing India’s poor children lack of food and lack of education. The mid-day meal provided by the Foundation on all school days acts not only nourishes them, but also acts as an incentive to bring them back to school.

We hope that with continued effort, children like Santosh and Manjunath, will not have to give up their dreams just to be able to earn a meal.

More Testimonials: Online Fundraiser Page: Akshaya Patra Blog: About Madhu Pandit:

Obstetrics in Lewisville TX for Proper Care of Pregnant Women

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Pregnancy does bring along with it, its worries on how to manage it and scares of becoming a good parent. It creates the confusion on food during the nine months. Obstetrics in Lewisville TX is the solution to all your problems. Pregnant ladies come here, where experienced doctors are present to look after their medical conditions and counsellors are present them to cope up with this stage of life.

Medical staff

Experienced and knowledgeable medical physicians are present at the center that performs timely intervals of pregnant women for different tests that are required. If the pregnant lady has any problem pertaining to her health or feels anything with the baby should immediately share it with a doctor. Regular tests for ultrasound should also be done to make sure the baby is fine and nothing major or minor is on the way.

Counsellors for guidance

In times of pregnancy, women do get confused about the meal they should have or the exercises to be followed etc. All these queries and confusion can be solved with the help of the counsellor. The counsellor will give proper guidance on the different types of exercises that should be undertaken during the months of pregnancy. They teach the women correct eating habits that should be followed. Proper teaching is imparted of ways to manage pregnancy properly.

Getting treated with laparoscopic methods

With the advancement in science and technology, methods of laparoscopic are nowadays used in gynaecology for eliminating the levels of pain by making small incisions. The hospital bed rest in this method is also short. Moreover the greatest advantage is the reduced recovery time. Different types of procedures and methods are employed using this technique. The physician can be consulted for which procedure one can go. Hysterectomy and the procedure of burch are also performed using this technique.

Get treated for infertility

If a couple are unable to have a child the normal way, the couple can consult the Obstetrics Lewisville TX for methods used in in vitro fertility or other methods employed that can be used for the same. For booking appointment with a doctor at the center, one can give a call on the number and fix an appointment. The center also accepts insurances from the patients. Plus the charges for different services and counselling are quite affordable also. So give a call right away to book appointment with the counsellor and physician.

Author Resource:

The Author is conveying information about lewisville tx Obgyn and Obstetrics lewisville tx. You’re probably thinking, everyone says that, so, what’s different here. It’s the commitment of quality, genuineness, and a guarantee that values your time and interest.

What Is A Good Way To Meet Juggalo Family

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Juggalos are one of the most misunderstood music subcultures around, but they’re also one of the most connected — that’s why they often refer to themselves as a group overall as “juggalo family.” Most juggalos center their fandom around the Detroit rap duo the Insane Clown Posse, and other similar underground rap music artists.

But if you’re interested in being down with the juggalos, it’s not always easy to find juggalo family. Juggalos are not visible in the mainstream, but they’re everywhere, so there are likely other juggalos in your area. Here are some suggestions for meeting juggalo family.

Find out what record stores in your area stock underground rap music similar to ICP. Record store clerks can be snobby, but if you find someone who’s friendly, ask for suggestions. They may be able to turn you on to local underground rap music groups with a similar sound who may also have juggalos as fans.

If you find some, find out when they are playing and attend these underground rap music shows. If you see juggalo family there, don’t be shy. Juggalos are famously welcoming of each other, and most will be friendly if you approach and introduce yourself.

If that doesn’t work, do research online and look up tour dates for Insane Clown Posse and other underground rap music groups juggalos like. Many of these underground rap music groups tour frequently, so you will likely have luck.

Even if a group isn’t coming to your town in particular, it may be worth going to a show within a few hours’ drive. Likely there will be other underground rap music fans from your area who have made a similar trip. Again, introduce yourself and be friendly!

Then there is always the Internet. Search for underground rap forums that discuss ICP and similar artists, and make a post asking if there are any other juggalos near your town. Also look for local juggalo family groups on various social networking sites.

Facebook and Meetup are among the best for searching for specific geographical areas. Even if you can’t immediately find other juggalos in your specific town, you may find some within a short drive. At the very least you are sure to find potential online friends with whom you can discuss a shared love of similar underground rap music.

Of course, the ultimate place to meet juggalo family from all over the world is the annual Gathering of the Juggalos festival held every summer. You may need to save up and do a lot of planning in advance to attend, but there simply is no bigger gathering of hardcore underground rap music artists and juggalos.

Mothers Choice Coach Scribble Diaper Bag And Wristlet

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Coach designer bags and wallets are in this year. Even mothers who have to carry a lot of baby stuff inside their diaper bags have bought Coach Diaper bags. They are not just roomy but they have sufficed both a womans aesthetic fashion need and a mothers basic practical need to get a roomy bag for her babys items.

Coach Diaper bags have variety of colors to choose from. There are diaper bags that come in natural colors like brown, black or khaki. These colors are best when you want to use your diaper bags even in meetings or work. They are also monochromatic designs of blue and pink with the usual signature C design. Yet, the top pick among mothers is the Coach Scribble Diaper Bag These Scribble designed Coach Diaper bags comes in colors blue, yellow, pink or green. The color differences are on the handle and accessories. But the scribbled C design is multicolored. Therefore, regardless of what color you would pick, it would still match a lot of outfits.

These Coach Scribble bags are not just fashionable. They are very roomy for your little babys clothes, bottles and toys. They measure 19 inches (L) x 12 inches (H) x 5.5 inches (W). The roomy bag does not just make a good diaper bags, you can also use it even if your baby has outgrown bottles and diapers time.

One of the best ways to match your Coach Scribble Diaper bag is with Coach Scribble Wristlet. These wristlet wallets are something Coach has really popularized. They are neither small nor too big. The measurement is perfect for busy mothers to put their cellular phone and some bills when they go bring their baby to shopping or malling. They have become a must have for busy mothers. Instead of fumbling their bag for their purse or cell phones, they have conveniently hanged them in one hand inside a wristlet. All they need to do is open the wristlet and get some bills, close it and leave it hanging. There is no need in opening zipper bags, search through the stack of bottles, diapers and baby clothes, and closing it back again.

Practicality is the essence of being a smart mother. Yet, style is the essence of womanhood. You would not have to sacrifice either practicality or fashion when you have become a mother.

children create a greener earth

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Knowledge is often created in spaces outside the boundaries of the four walled classrooms

and besides a subject like environmental education, which deal with how to beautify our

environment cannot be simply taught by sitting inside the class.

Field trips should be organized to the exotic nearby locations, which are key areas of grave

concern of the environmental degradation that is taking place. Subsequently, the matter

should be discussed by involving students in a debate that would generate interest amongst

the students to share their opinions, ideas and viewpoints regarding what they feel about a

particular on-going development project that is receiving negative publicity and protests from

the indigenous people of those areas. Only, when a child feels connected to an issue will there

be some kind of an interest that would be kindled to know more about that topic and also find

subsequent ways of overcoming the problem.

According to the historian Thomas Berry, -Teaching children about the natural world should

be seen as one of the most important events in their lives.- Nature has been one of the most

precious gifts of God to mankind, its beauty and serenity inspires every person to become a

self-proclaimed poet or poetess. Such is the magic of nature, for kids especially who are just

exploring the -Big Bad World- nature has a soothing effect and makes them realise that not

everything is bad, God is balancing bad with good.

A child who is born and brought up in an urban environment and has only seen villages in

their television set can never be able to know what kind of problems do they face. So in order

to develop that sense of relatability amongst kids, they could be taken on short one day trips

to nearby villages, where kids should be asked to get involved with the people and find put

the problems they are facing and then as a part of their assignment they could be asked to

come up with the various solutions that could put an end to all the problems that are taking

place in the lives of these indigenous people. Only when we make an effort do we derive

results, so it is a combined task for teachers as well as the students to make the subject which

generally acts as a sedative to most kids in class by putting them off to sleep, sound and

appear interesting, only then will they like to study it.

Mother Shipton and the End of London

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Born in 1488 as Ursula Southeil, Mother Shipton came to be known as one of the most famous soothsayers in history. She was born in a cave in Knaresborough, Yorkshire and was said to been absolutely hideous to look at, but apparently had a knack for prophesy. She told fortunes for the locals, while on the side writing her predictions about the world at large.

While the majority of her predictions dealt with local and regional issues, her flair for the dramatic was best illustrated in her predictions about London. Her work came out in two publications, both nearly 60 years after her death in 1561.

She like other clairvoyants line Edgar Cayce and Maria Taigi, predicted great world changes in the years to come. She made general prediction centered on her region of the country but also had words for the greater world around her. Hers was one of the first well-documented cases of prediction, which included a vision for things inconceivable in her time. She predicted electronic communication, motorized vehicles, and tunnels that went through entire mountains, transportation under water. She also predicted that men would fly, cruise around the world in Iron Ships and that great discoveries of gold would be made in countries not yet discovered.

Her most famous prediction it is told, mentioned the Great Fire of London, which occurred inside the walls of the medieval roman cities and nearly burned the entire city to the ground. Samuel Pepys, a Member of Parliament and Naval administrator noted that when the great fire occurred, Mother Shipton had been the one to accurately foretell it. Her last prediction concerning the end of the world was that London would no longer exist prior to it.

So, those of you who wish to see the great city before it disappears can stay in any number of Mayfair hotels to make a comfortable, luxury home base from which to see the amazing city before its too late. London hotels can provide all manner of tourist information to help you organize your trip throughout London and direct you to sites of interest fitting of your budget.